Menu Navigation

Functions of Basic Electronic Components


vantagesemi 2022-01-06 09:07:52

Types of Electronic Components

These are of 2 types: Passive and Active Components. Both these types of components can be either Through-Hole or SMD. 


 1. Passive Components 

These components are those that do not have gain or directionality. They are also called Electrical elements or electrical components. Example: Resistors, Capacitors, Diodes, Inductors. 

2. Active Components 

These components are those that have gain or directionality. Example: Transistors, Integrated Circuits or ICs, Logic Gates.

1.Terminals and Connectors: Components to make electrical connection.

2.Resistors: Components used to resist current. 

3.Switches: Components that may be made to either conduct (closed) or not (open). 

4.Capacitors: Components that store electrical charge in an electrical field. 

5.Magnetic or Inductive Components: These are Electrical components that use magnetism. 6.Network Components: Components that use more than 1 type of Passive Component. 7.Piezoelectric devices, crystals, resonators: Passive components that use piezoelectric. effect. 8.Semiconductors: Electronic control parts with no moving parts. 

9.Diodes: Components that conduct electricity in only one direction.

10.Transistors: A semiconductor device capable of amplification. 

11.Integrated Circuits or ICs: A microelectronic computer circuit incorporated into a chip or semiconductor; a whole system rather than a single component.